All You Need to Know about B.Ed. Degree | B.Ed. Eligibility, Course Syllabus, Admission, Exams, Colleges & Jobs Abroad

Considered to be one of the noblest professions around the world, Teaching is one of the popular career paths in India too. There are certain essential qualifications to become a teacher at pre-nursery, nursery, primary, secondary, and senior secondary levels. In this post, we will talk about the qualification to become a teacher at schools – B.Ed. degree. Let’s learn about B.Ed eligibility, course, admission, colleges, and teaching job opportunities abroad.


how to become a school teacher in India through b.ed

Teaching at pre-nursery, nursery, primary, secondary, and senior secondary levels schools continues to be a sought-after profession among the Indian youth.  However, to become a teacher in a school in India, aspirants must possess the right qualifications of which B.Ed. or Bachelor of Education is a must.

B.Ed Eligibility

Educational Qualifications: You will have to complete your graduation in Arts, Science or Commerce, before applying for a B.Ed program in India. Also, the majority of B.Ed colleges demand at least 50-55% aggregate marks at the UG level for applying to the program.

Age Limit: This professional degree course can be pursued after completing graduation or post-graduation and no upper age limit is there to apply for B.Ed program. That said, universities and colleges often mark the minimum age limit for candidates at 19-21 years.

Skills: In most institutions, if you are planning to pursue a B. Ed course you will need to possess these skills:

  • Good communication skills
  • Confidence
  • Good organisational skills
  • Critical thinking ability
  • Enthusiasm
  • Patience
  • Empathy
  • Quick Learner

B.Ed Syllabus / Curriculum

B.Ed. is a bachelor’s degree and in order to pursue it, you must complete your graduation. However, in order to work as a teacher of senior secondary classes, you will have to have a post-graduation degree in addition to B.Ed. The course duration is generally two years and you can pursue B.Ed in regular as well as distance mode.

A B.Ed program is designed to make candidates acquainted with all the aspects teaching profession including dealing with classrooms of multilingual character with children from diverse socio-cultural, economic, and linguistic backgrounds and varying levels of cognitive abilities.

B.Ed demands that aspirants understand the process of learning or how learning occurs, create an appropriate or favorable environment for learning, be competent to offer diverse opportunities for the students to observe, experiment, reflect, and question.

  • The B.Ed course curriculum is mainly divided into Core Courses, Pedagogy Courses, and other topics which work towards increasing a teacher’s involvement in the field.
  • NCERT has formulated a B.Ed syllabus to boost quality teacher education in India. This syllabus is divided into 3 sections: Perspectives in Education, Curriculum and Pedagogic Studies, and Engagement with the field.

B.Ed Subjects List

  • Childhood and Growing Up
  • Contemporary India and Education
  • Learning and Teaching
  • Language across the Curriculum
  • Understanding Disciplines and Subjects
  • Gender, School and Society
  • Pedagogy of a School Subject
  • Reading and Reflecting on Texts
  • Drama and Art in Education
  • Critical Understanding of ICT
  • Knowledge and Curriculum
  • Assessment for Learning
  • Creating an Inclusive School
  • Health, Yoga and Physical Education

B.Ed Subjects in IGNOU

The B.Ed subjects in IGNOU for the 2-year duration of the course are shown below.

 B.Ed. Eligibility, Course, Syllabus, Colleges, Admission, Fees 2021

Read more about B.Ed. Syllabus.

Top B.Ed Colleges in India

  • Banaras Hindu University
  • University of Calcutta
  • St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University
  • University of Delhi
  • Lady Irwin College, New Delhi
  • Amity University, Noida
  • Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth
  • Banasthali University
  • Loreto College, Kolkata
  • Lovely Professional University (LPU)
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU)
  • University of Kalyania

Top Institutes for Pursuing B.Ed in Correspondence

  • Annamalai University
  • Madurai Kamaraj University
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University
  • Kurukshetra University
  • Kakatiya University
  • Karnataka State Open University
  • Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University
  • Netaji Subhash Open University

B.Ed Admission Process & Entrance Exams

The admission process in B.Ed program of majority of colleges and universities involves an entrance exam where aspirants are required to answer questions from two or three sections including language proficiency, domain knowledge and reasoning aptitude. Some popular B.Ed entrance exams are –

  • BEET Exam
  • IGNOU B.Ed Entrance Test

Remember, after clearing B.Ed, you will need to crack the Teacher Eligibility Tests (TETs) if in order to get recruited as teachers in government schools. Some of the popular TETs are:

  • CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test)     
  • UPTET (Uttar Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test)
  • APTET (Andhra Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test)          
  • TSTET (Telangana State Teacher Eligibility Test)
  • OTET (Odisha Teacher Eligibility Test)     
  • KTET (Kerala Teacher Eligibility Test)

B.Ed Fees in India

B.Ed course fee varies from college to college and depends on different parameters such as the type of institution (government/ private) and mode of education (regular/ distance). However, the fees in most colleges vary from Rs 20,000 to Rs 1,00,000.  

Career Benefits of Being a School Teacher in India

The major benefit of this course is that once completed you can become teachers at the primary, secondary and senior secondary levels in private schools, while to get a teaching position at a government school, you will have to appear for national- or state-level teacher eligibility tests (TETs) like – CTET, UPTET, APTET and TSTET.

The duration of the course is two years duration, but, some Indian universities and colleges also offer one-year B.Ed courses.

Career Prospects after B.Ed

India has 1,083,678 government schools and nearly 400,000 unaided private schools, while new schools are being launched every year. This opens a floodgate of opportunities for the teaching fraternity of India.

Also, teachers are decently paid in the country which makes the job all the more sought after. With B.Ed now mandatory for recruiting teachers in Indian schools, the career scope for this program is wide and attractive. As per PayScale, the average salary of a B.Ed graduate in India is Rs 3.31 lakh per annum. The salary, however, increases with enhanced skills and experience.

Scopes of Teaching Jobs Abroad

Teaching Jobs in Canada

Teaching is one of the occupations under the shortage category. In Canada teachers generally earn at least $ 49,410 per year and salary depends on years of experience and tenure. A primary school teacher can earn around $ 49,431 per year. High School teachers can earn at least $ 54,987 per year and those with Science and Oral/Verbal Communication skills can earn even more.

To work as a teacher in Canada, you will have to complete a minimum three-year postsecondary degree from an acceptable university or educational institution and possess a teaching license. Besides, you must also finish a four-semester teacher education program.

Teaching jobs include early childhood specialist, physical education teacher, child care teacher, kindergarten teacher, preschool teacher, instructional designer, school counsellor, linguist, TESOL instructor, ESL teacher, language instructor, substitute elementary teacher, music teacher, English teacher, arts teacher, elementary teacher, ICT teacher, nursery teacher, primary teacher, science teacher, principal, or librarian. Apart from the high salary, Canada also offers the following benefits to teachers:

  • Dental insurance
  • Life insurance
  • Maternity leave
  • Compassionate leave
  • Cumulative sick leave
  • Sabbatical and study leave
  • Supplementary medical insurance
  • Long-term disability insurance
  • Retirement gratuities

Know more about top courses to study in Canada for jobs and immigration.

Teaching Jobs in Australia

There are a host of private and public schools in Australia and math, science, and English curricula here is similar to that of the UK, US, Canada, and other western nations. English-speaking teachers are much in demand for Australian private and public schools. Read best courses to study in Australia for jobs and immigration.

Academic year in Australia begins in early February and ends in mid-December and summer break includes Christmas, New Year. Teaching jobs are available throughout the year as well as prior to the new school year.

Teachers earn between $30,000 and $65,000 USD depending on their qualifications and the classes they teach. However, the figures may vary from state to state in Australia. Like salaries, benefits for teachers in Australia also vary from state and are dependent on the type of school. Teachers should expect similar vacation time to North American schools and in some cases, may also be eligible for surplus vacation time and rental subsidies. Teachers with more experience can usually expect a higher salary and a more encompassing benefits package.

You will need a university degree and a teaching license to teach in Australia. Australia being an English-speaking country with English curricula, you do not need an ESL certificate unless you wish to teach an ESL course. A visa will be required to relocate in Australia.

Teaching Jobs in the Middle East

Over the years the Middle East has emerged as one of the most sought-after locations for teaching abroad. Teaching jobs in Dubai and Abu Dhabi range from ESL teaching in language academies to licensed teaching jobs in all subjects in public or private schools.

Salary varies on the type of school you will be working i.e. language school, vocational school/college, private international school, or public school. However, you can expect to earn between $2,400-$5,500 per month as a teacher here and another happy news is salaries tend to be tax-free, and teachers often get additional benefits, like insurance and housing on top of this salary.

Job opportunity will depend on your qualifications. Generally those with in ESL teaching background, can explore opportunities at language schools or vocational colleges. Licensed teachers can look into openings at private or international schools, as well as within the public school system. You can also find employment in teaching courses such as business, aviation, or technical drawing.

In most cases, job contracts are for 2-3 years and have a bonus of one month’s salary per year worked. Contracts may also include accommodation, flights, health insurance, and education allowances for dependents which help teachers save a large portion of their salary during their time in the Middle East.

Related Articles:

Pre-School Teaching Career and Jobs in India

How to get teaching jobs abroad from India

Teaching abroad – The highs and the lows of an international teaching career


Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4.

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