Software Development Jobs: Required Skills & Best Online Courses

As more and more enterprises focus on digital transformation and digital experience, they are investing in a number of areas to rapidly change their legacy infrastructure into a 24×7 online environment that is developed as a set of digital services. Many, if not most, of these applications, are developed on cloud or hybrid cloud. This transformation is necessitating the companies to either hire a new set of IT talent and developers. In this post, we are going to look at the top four areas of software development jobs; and the required skills and best online courses.


1) Front End Engineers or Developers

Front end engineers are required to develop the web pages and web experience. Front End Engineer is responsible for design, development, delivery, and support of large-scale, multi-tiered, distributed software applications. They are the ones who are building the new fascinating products and work directly with customers in shaping the vision for the web stack.

Required Skills for Front-end Developers

Once the product vision is on the paper, they are focused on thinking through the complexity of the stack, design, and also prototyping and iterating the solution to move it forward. Some of the key skills front-end engineers need to have are related to programming languages such as Python, Java, JavaScript, CSS, HTML, etc. Frontend engineers own and build world-class experiences for customers. 

Front end engineers are in high demand in the world. Many companies in the US are willing to pay $100k+ for engineers with 2-3 years of experience. If you are interested in becoming a front-end engineer, here are a few courses that may help you develop some of the skills.

Online Courses on Front-end Development

Introduction to Web Development

HTML, CSS & JavaScript for Web Developers

Front-End JavaScript Frameworks: Angular

Web Design: Wireframes to Prototypes

Introduction to Front-end Development with ReactJS

UI/UX Design Specialization

Web Design: Strategy and Information Architecture

Front-end Development with React

Visual Interface of Interface Design


2) Backend Software Developers

Back end engineers are primarily focused on developing the connections between various systems, databases, APIs to ensure that the platform stack works seamlessly and efficiently., Backend engineers build backend services and APIs to create scalable engineering system and they work with data scientists, business analysts, and operations to define, capture, and use real-time event data for business insights and product feature.

In addition, they may be required to collaborate with infrastructure engineering teams to participate in, validate, and evolve how we build, test, and deploy code in a distributed Service-Oriented Architecture.

Required Skills for Backend Developers

Most of the backend engineer jobs require work experience, open-source code, or coursework in any of the following languages: Java, C#, Python/Django, Ruby/Ruby on Rails, C/C++, etc. Additionally, back-end developers should be aware of cross-browser and responsive HTML5/CSS3 layout.

Many companies may also ask for exposure to architectural patterns of a large, high-scale web application (e.g., well-designed APIs), high volume data pipelines, efficient algorithms, understanding of data structures and problem-solving approaches, and the ability to articulate trade-offs.

Online Courses on Backend Development

Django for Everybody Specialization

Web Application Technologies and Django

Introduction to Ruby on Rails

Server-Side Development with NodeJS, Express, and MongoDB

Software Design and Architecture Specialization

Data Science Web App with Python and Streamlit

Dynamic Web App with using PHP & MySQL

Building Web Applications in PHP

Building API with Google Cloud API Platform


3) Data Engineers

One another area in high demand and continues to grow is the need for data engineers. Many companies with legacy databases and data marts are trying to consolidate or move data into cloud data lakes for digital applications, monitoring, reporting, and an improved customer experience.

Data engineers are developing and automating large scale, high-performance data processing systems (batch and/or streaming) to drive business growth and improve the product experience across all industries and customer sets.

Many of these engineers are building scalable Spark data pipelines leveraging the Airflow scheduler/executor framework and designing data models for optimal storage and retrieval to meet critical product and business requirements around access, decision making, recommendation engines, reconciliation, analytics, etc.

Skills Required for Data Engineers

Most companies require the data engineers to understand and influence logging to support data flow, architecting logging best practices where needed.

One of the common skills and requirements for this role is a demonstrated ability to analyze large data sets to identify gaps and inconsistencies, provide data insights, and advance effective product solutions, and experience designing and deploying high-performance systems with reliable monitoring and logging practices.

Students or graduates interested in working as a data engineer should try to build a working knowledge of relational databases and query authoring (SQL).

Online Courses on Data Engineering

Data Warehouse Concepts, Design, and Data Integration

Data Engineering Foundations

Data Warehousing for Business Intelligence

Data Engineering, Big Data & Machine Learning on Google Could Platform

Data Engineering with Google Cloud Professional Certificate


4) Full-Stack Developers

Full-stack developers are experts who are familiar with both client-side and server-side programming. They perform the roles of front-end and back-end developers. While some may argue that they are no specialists, a talented full-stack developer wouldn’t have much trouble handling development projects. Due to the demand, the full-stack developer salary in India is one of the highest.

Required Skills of Full-Stack Developers

  • Writing front-end code in JavaScript, HTML, and Java
  • Writing backend code in Java, Python, and Ruby
  • Security and Networking
  • Experience in working with layouts and markup languages
  • Grasp of UX Projecting
  • Dealing with APIs
  • Providing support for ES5 projects
  • Client coordination and Project management
  • Creating, querying, and understanding databases
  • Handling complete system infrastructure including OS and hardware

Online Courses on Full-Stack Development

Beginner Full Stack Web Development: HTML, CSS, React & Node

Full Stack Web and Multiplatform Mobile App Development Specialization

IBM Full-Stack Cloud Developer Professional Certificate

Full-Stack Web Development with React Specialization

Full Stack: Angular and JavaScript Bootcamp

Python and Django Full-Stack Web Development Bootcamp

MERN Stack Front To Back: Full Stack React, Redux & Node.js



If interested in checking out the top online courses that may help you develop some of the knowledge and skills in this area, please check out our curated set of online courses.

And if you are looking for a college to study or pursue your higher studies, schedule a 30 or 60 minutes online 1-on-1 interactive session with any of our experienced counselors.

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