Over the centuries major fields of studies have branched out into more specific and specialized fields. One of these is the field of science. The different branches in the field of science help us to understand what, where, how, and why of the things that we see in this world, in which we live. In today’s world, science had evolved to such an extent, that its development right from an early age, development in its various branches is meritorious. May it medical field or environmental impact, science has evolved in all aspects, and many more inventions in the future are expected, which are bound to make human life simpler. Three such branches of science that this article is going to provide you with are:
What is Medical Science?
The branch of science that deals with the study of health care, treatment, prevention, and cure of diseases that are prone to occur in humans and animals are called Medical Science. The history of Medical science dates back to the early ages when home remedies were used to treat diseases or disorders. Sushruta and Charaka are two major figures in the medical history of India.
Various inventions and discoveries have taken place in the field of medical science. The evolution of medical science is commendable. Effective treatments and cures for infectious diseases were found. It is this branch of life science that has been responsible for the discovery, and subsequent development of different types of vaccines and treatments for man diseases, that in previous centuries, were considered to be incurable.
Areas of Study within Medical Science
- Epidemiology and Biostatistics
- Interdisciplinary Medical Sciences
- Medical Biophysics
- Medical Cell Biology
- Medical Health Informatics
- Microbiology and Immunology
- One Health
What is Life Science?
The branch of science that deals with the study of all the existing living organisms on earth are called Life Science. It includes several other branches from the biological fields that work on specific organisms or systems. It includes Agriculture, Fisheries, Anatomy, Morphology, Biology, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Ecology, Entomology, Forestry, Taxonomy, Botany, Zoology, Histology, Embryology, Genetics, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Cell Biology, Ethology, Microbiology, Molecular Biology.
Under Life Science, you can specialize in Plant Science and Agriculture, Animal Science, or Biomedical Science.
Areas of Study:
- Ecosystem Health
- Animal Behaviour
- Biology and Geology
- Genetics and Biochemistry
Health sciences are those sciences that focus on health, or health care, as core parts of their subject matter. Health sciences relate to multiple academic disciplines, including STEM disciplines and emerging patient safety disciplines (such as social care research).
Areas of Study:
- Community Rural Health Development
- Health Sciences
- Health Promotion
- Health Sciences with Biology
- Rehabilitation Sciences
Main Differences Between Medical/Health Science and Life Science
- The branch of science that involves the health care of humans and animals is called medical science. On the other hand, the branch of science that deals with the study of living organisms are called life science.
- The study of life science involves the origin, evolution, death, and species information of an organism. On the other hand, the study of medical science involves the sustainability of humans and animals.
- Life science generally seeks to answer the what, where, how, and why of all living things but medical science focuses on the discovery, treatment, and preservation of animals and human beings.
- Life science looks into how different living things relate to each other, and the environment. Medical science on the other hand focuses on applying the knowledge derived from studying plant and animal life, to treat and prevent many of the diseases that affect human beings.